Melchisedec, Priest and King
Melchisedec was a priest of God, and at the same time King
of Salem (peace). Abraham acknowledged him and paid him tithes. God
prophetically declared through the Psalmist, that Messiah would be a
Priest of the Melchisedec order, forever.--Psalm 110:4.
The Jews overlooked this prophecy and thought that everything of a
priestly character in connection with God's Plan would be fulfilled
through the Aaronic priesthood, which was merely typical. Their expectancy
of the Messianic Kingdom and glory blinded them to His work as a
They saw not that Messiah is to be one of many members. Jesus is the
Head and the Elect Church the Body of the Melchisedec Priest. Christians
are deeply interested in the Messianic Reign; also in the fact that to
become members of that Royal Priesthood means a participation with Jesus
in the sacrifice of earthly life, as St. Paul exhorts, in Romans 12:1.
The declaration that Melchisedec was without father or mother, without
beginning of days or end of years, has puzzled Bible students until
recently. The interpretation is now quite satisfactory and simple:
Melchisedec was without father or mother in the priesthood. He did not
inherit this priesthood. He was without beginning of days and years in
respect to his office, in that no record was made when his priesthood
began, nor any provision made for a successor. In these respects he
typified Messiah.--Hebrews 7:1-4.
Melchisedec is supposed to have been one of the Shepherd Kings who
invaded Egypt and built the Great
twelve acres, known for ages as one of the Seven Wonders of the
world--about 2170 B.C. Astronomers tell that its measurements indicate the
length of the year, the weight of the Earth, the distance to the sun, etc.
passages represent human history--Downward, the course of sin and
death; Upward, the Law Age, the Gospel Age, the Kingdom glory of the
Church, and Human Restitution.